Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is extremely distressing and an unjustified act of aggression. NIRS expresses our solidarity and support for the Ukrainian people, their safety and well-being, and their right to sovereignty and self-determination.
We will be updating this page with breaking news and resources.
Nuclear Power Plants in Ukraine
Ukraine is heavily reliant on nuclear energy. The country has 15 reactors in 4 power plants, generating around half of Ukraine’s electricity.
- Also called Yuzhnoukrainsk Nuclear Power Plant
- Located near the city of Yuzhnoukrainsk in Mykolaiv province, about 350 kilometers (220 miles) south of Kyiv. It is the second largest of the country’s five nuclear power stations. It is part of the South Ukrainian Energy Complex, along with the Tashlyk Pumped-Storage Power Plant and Oleksandrivska hydroelectric power station.
- Three VVER-1000 pressurized water reactors
- Net generation capacity = 2,850 megawatts (MW)
- The Rivne Nuclear Power Plant also called Rovno is a nuclear power plant in Varash, Rivne Oblast, Ukraine.
- The Rivne Nuclear Power Station were the first VVER-400 reactors to be constructed in Ukraine.
- four reactors (2 VVER-440 ; 2 VVER-1000)
- Nameplate capacity = 2,657 MW
|Station||Type||Net capacity||Initial criticality||Grid date|
|Unit 1||VVER-440/213||361 MWe||Dec 1980||Sep 1981|
|Unit 2||VVER-440/213||384 MWe||Dec 1981||Jul 1982|
|Unit 3||VVER-1000/320||950 MWe||Nov 1986||May 1987|
|Unit 4||VVER-1000/320||950 MWe||Sep 2004||Oct 2004|
|Unit 5 (suspended plan)||VVER-1000/320||950 MWe||N/A||N/A|
- Located in Netishyn, Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine.
- Two VVER-1000 reactors are operational, each generating 1000 MW (net) of electricity. Construction of the first reactor started in 1981 and the first unit was put in operation in late 1987. Construction of the second reactor started in 1983 with plans to finish it in 1991. In 1990, however, construction was stopped as part of a moratorium on new plant construction. Construction was completed only in August 2004 after the moratorium was lifted.
- Two more VVER-1000 reactors are currently under construction. Construction of the third reactor started in September 1985 and the fourth reactor in June 1986.
- Reactor type: VVER
- Units operational: 2 x 1,000 MW
- Units under constuction: 2 x 1,000 MW
- Nameplate capacity= 2,000 MW
The Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Station in Enerhodar, Ukraine, is the largest nuclear power plant in Europe and among the10 largest in the world.
The plant is located in Southeastern Ukraine near the city of Enerhodar, on the banks of the Kakhovka Reservoir on the Dnieper river. It has 6 VVER-1000 pressurized light water nuclear reactors (PWR), each generating 950 MWe, for a total power output of 5,700 MWe. The first five were successively brought online between 1985 and 1989, and the sixth was added in 1995.
The plant generates nearly half of the country’s electricity derived from nuclear power and more than a fifth of total electricity generated in Ukraine.
Zaporizhzhia Updates & Info
- Greenpeace Briefing: The Vulnerability of Nuclear Plants During Military Conflict
- State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine: Updated information about Zaporizhzhia NPP (08:00)
- NPR: Russian forces in Ukraine attack and seize Europe’s largest nuclear power plant
- Fortune: Volodymyr Zelenskyy warns of ‘the end of Europe’ as Russia attacks and captures Ukraine’s Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant
Soon after launching an invasion on Feb. 24, Russian forces took control of the territory around the now-defunct power plant that was the site of the world’s worst nuclear accident in 1986.
- NIRS Chernobyl Resource Page
- Reuters: Ukraine state nuclear company unable to monitor radiation levels around Chernobyl
- SNRI: ChNPP facilities, the situation update
- Map of Chernobyl site
- Bulletin of Atomic Scientists coverage
- Nuclear Risks of the Ukraine Conflict and Why the U.S. MUST Sanction Russian Nuclear
- NIRS Joins Ukrainian Calls for Sanctions on Russian Nuclear Industry
- The Impacts of Sanctions on Russian Uranium to the U.S. Nuclear Industry: A Non Issue
- Clean and Renewable Energy is Essential to Peace and Security
- NIRS Stands with the People of Ukraine
Articles and Analysis
- Bulletin of Atomic Scientists – Could an attack on Ukrainian nuclear facilities cause a disaster greater than Chernobyl? Possibly, simulations show.
- SNRIU news page
- SaveEcoBot (radiation monitors in Ukraine)
- MEDO (adding this although it has been unreachable for a while)
- Tim Mousseau on Chernobyl and military action