A major television miniseries about the Chernobyl nuclear disaster is showing on HBO, starting May 6, 2019. NIRS hopes that the series is true to the facts, experiences, and legacies of what remains one of the world’s worst industrial and environmental disasters. Unfortunately, many governmental and nuclear industry bodies continue to downplay and minimize the consequences of Chernobyl.
We provide this page to supplement the fictional retelling of the disaster with factual information to put the story in context, and to show its ongoing relevance. From the previews, the Chernobyl miniseries appears to convey the horror of the disaster and its immediate impacts; the heroism of the first responders, liquidators, and experts who worked to contain it; and the fumbling response of the government to handle a catastrophe of this kind. Nevertheless, as a work of fiction, there will likely be some inaccuracies. Also, there will likely be a lot of misinformation and criticism of the depiction of the disaster by proponents of nuclear power, because the reality of Chernobyl remains an inconvenient truth for the industry.
Over the last 33 years, NIRS has worked with activists and organizations in Ukraine, Russia, and other countries that bore the greatest impacts of the radioactive contamination. Our staff have witnessed those impacts first-hand, touring the country and the uninhabitable exclusion zone around the reactor site. We also helped organize a major international conference in Kyiv (Kiev), Ukraine, on the 20th anniversary, in 2006.
- Chernobyl Timeline of Events
- Health Impacts
- Ecological Impacts
- Current State of Chernobyl
- Common Myths and Misconceptions
- Highlights from our twitter commentary
The Nuclear Monitor issue #724 included a detailed sequence of events before, during, and after the Chernobyl disaster. It was published on March 11, 2011, purely by coincidence, the day that the Fukushima disaster started.
2. Health Impacts
- The Other Report on Chernobyl (TORCH) – Published in 2006, this study by independent researchers projected 30,000-60,000 additional cancer deaths over the following 50 years.
- TORCH2 – This 2016 update of the TORCH study projects 40,000 cancer deaths resulting from Chernobyl contamination over 50 years.
- Chernobyl Catastrophe 20 Years On – This 2006 study commissioned by Greenpeace estimates up to 93,000 cancer fatalities over 50 years.
- Chernobyl Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment – This 2007 study of scientific literature and medical records concludes that there up to 985,000 premature deaths as a result of Chernobyl from 1986-2004.
3. Ecological Impacts
- At Chernobyl and Fukushima, radioactivity has seriously harmed wildlife
- Forests Around Chernobyl Aren’t Decaying Properly
4. Current State of the Chernobyl Site
Chernobyl: The Past, The Present, The Future — 2016 video presentation by nuclear researcher Lucas Hixson, who had recently returned from several months of work at the Chernobyl reactor site.
5. Common Myths and Misconceptions
- An accident like Chernobyl could not happen in the US.
- That was the Soviet Union. We wouldn’t make the same mistakes.
- Chernobyl did not have emergency response and evacuation plans for nuclear “accidents.”
- And there are more to come!
6. Highlights from NIRS’s twitter commentary
Episode 1: Why the nurse asks about “iodine pills”
KI protects the #thyroid and pre-distribution is recommended as a key emergency planning measure. There are many other radioisotopes in a #meltdown, with many other health impacts, but KI only protects the thyroid. #Chernobyl
— NIRS (@nirsnet) May 7, 2019
Episode 1: Effects of radiation exposure
2 / The damage to the skin is a sign of internal tissue damage, as well. That is why the characters also were spontaneously bleeding and coughing up and vomiting blood: internal organs and blood vessels start to fall apart under intense exposure to ionizing radiation. #Chernobyl
— NIRS (@nirsnet) May 8, 2019
Episode 1: What happened to the forest
The Red Forest is part of the #Chernobyl exclusion zone. The trees became so radioactive that they were plowed under and buried. There are ongoing concerns about the radioisotopes spreading through the ecosystem, and of being released in forest fires. https://t.co/ZczZ4pcFbp
— NIRS (@nirsnet) May 8, 2019