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The Military-Industrial-Utility Complex
and the NIX/MOX Campaign


The U.S. Department of Energy is preparing to use plutonium-based (or MOX--mixed oxide) fuel in commercial nuclear reactors. In addition, the DOE is producing tritium for nuclear weapons in civilian reactors operated by Tennessee Valley Authority. These far-reaching steps violate every non-proliferation principle advanced by the U.S. government for decades.

NIRS is unalterably opposed to the use of MOX fuel and the production of tritium in commercial reactors. Use of MOX would contribute to the worldwide "plutonium economy," and would undercut our non-proliferation efforts worldwide. In addition, it would produce more plutonium in so-called "low-level" radioactive waste, exacerbate utility decommissioning efforts and increase costs, expose more people to danger from plutonium through frequent shipments across railways and highways, and increase electricity costs.

Similarly, production of tritium in commercial reactors is little more than a scheme to allow uneconomic reactors to operate with increased government subsidies. Further, it would break down any remaining barrier between commercial and military uses of nuclear energy--leaving us with a new, and frighteningly powerful military-industrial-utility complex.

April 1, 2011: Serious Security Issues at MOX Plutonium Factory Recognized by Regulators. PDF Press Release.

April 12, 2010: New in-depth report from Russia’s Ecodefense finds Russian plutonium fuel program may produce more plutonium than is disposed; the report also cites safety and cost problems with Russian surplus weapons-grade plutonium disposition program. Press release. Full report in English. PDF

January 19, 2007: 44 Groups Call on Congress to Eliminate DOE¹s Plutonium Fuel (MOX) Program and Support Plutonium Immobilization in 2007 Budget.

Joint NGO Statement on Plutonium Fuel to Nuclear Non-Proliferation Meeting at UN. 05/11/2005

NIRS files contentions against Duke Power plan to test use of MOX, October 21, 2003
Press Advisory; Contentions

Letter to DOE Secretary Spencer Abraham from environmental groups across the globe demanding preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement for MOX tests. September 15, 2003 PDF

No Longer Business As Usual At Duke Reactors. An info sheets. PDF

Why Environmentalists Say Nix to Mox Plutonium Fuel . An info sheet.

100+ groups send letter to Belgian government urging them to turn back the MOX program, August 27, 2002





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