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West Valley Waste Watch
PDF - Spring 2015

West Valley Waste Watch PDF - April 2013

West Valley WasteWatch PDF - March 2012

West Valley WasteWatch PDF - January 2012

West Valley WasteWatch PDF - November 2011

West Valley WasteWatch PDF - September 2011

Factsheets on West Valley:

Nuclear Waste and West Valley
The Real Costs of Cleaning Up Nuclear Waste. Summary of Report Findings. PDF
History of West Valley. PDF
Severe Erosion Problems at West Valley Site. PDF
Drinking Water Costs & Public Health Impacts. PDF
Valuing the Future: The Viability of Institutional Controls Over 1,000 Years. PDF
List of Proposed Nuclear Power Reactors and Irradiated Fuel Reprocessing Facilities in the US. PDF

March 2015. Letter from clean energy groups to DOE and NYSERDA on Probabilistic Performance Assessment that is now part of the plan for West Valley, with recommendations to ensure promised transparency provisions are met. The PPA will be used to prepare a Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS) to be carried out by 2020.

February 2015. Why should kids care about the West Valley Nuclear Waste Site? Powerpoint presentation by NIRS' Diane D'Arrigo to Park School students, Buffalo, NY February 2015

August 2013. West Valley is highly erosion-prone and climate change is making it worse. In 2009 there was a huge flood that eroded nearby streams closer to the buried waste. Here are comments submitted in March 2013 on this danger.
For over 2 years DOE and NYSERDA have failed to discuss and consider public suggestions made for studies to be done at West Valley. In August 2013, groups will meet with DOE and NYSERDA to discuss these and the failure to truly incorporate dangers of climate change into ongoing studies and planning.

May 2013. Multiple shipments of High level liquid nuclear waste (highly enriched uranium liquid) could come through WNY in the next year! Ask Gov Cuomo to STOP it.  Would be from Chalk River nuclear complex in Ontario to Savannah River nuclear complex in South Carolina.

April 16, 2010: West Valley Action Network groups outraged with dangerously inadequate, incomplete cleanup decision by DOE: Group Press Release re DOE Record of Decision on West Valley Nuclear Power, Weapons and Reprocessing Waste Site.  (DOE decision is at

August 31, 2009: "Cleanup Crew" Calls for State to Protect Lake Erie and Support Full Cleanup of West Valley Site. Press Advisory.

June 2009: Public Comment Deadline on West Valley cleanup has been extended until September 8, 2009. PDF

June 2009: Key Points on West Valley Nuclear Site Cleanup Plan. A Summary Critique of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement. PDF

March 30, 2009: Groups throughout NY testified at the 4 public DEIS hearings on West Valley cleanup calling for Full Cleanup of the nuclear and hazardous waste site upstream of Lakes Erie and Ontario the week of March 30- April 2, 2009. NIRS Press Release.

December 2, 2008: The Real Costs of Cleaning Up Nuclear Waste: A Full Cost Accounting of Cleanup Options for the West Valley Nuclear Waste; PDF a new report conducted for the Center for Health, Environment & Justice, Nuclear Information & Resource Service, Citizens' Environmental Coalition and the Coalition on west Valley Nuclear Wastes by Synapse Energy Economics.

Appendix A: Erosion & Control of Erosion at the West Valley Site
Appendix B: Radioactive Exposure from the West Valley Site
Appendix C: Potential Uncontrolled Release of Radioactive Waste

West Valley is a complex radioactive waste site with long-lasting nuclear waste mainly from atomic weapons and power production and some other generators. The site has high-level, so-called “low-level,” transuranic and mixed (radioactive and hazardous) wastes buried, stored and leaking. Burial of radioactive waste in 20-30 foot deep trenches began in the early 1960s and continued until 1974 when water filled up the trenches, burst through the trench caps and flowed into surrounding streams that run into Cattaraugus Creek, through Zoar Valley and the Reservation of the Seneca Nation of Indians, into Lake Erie, upstream of the intake water intake for Buffalo and other major cities in the US and Canada.


More Information
on Decommissioning:


From 1966- 1972, irradiated nuclear fuel from both atomic weapons and commercial power reactors was brought in and reprocessed (to extract uranium and plutonium remaining and formed in the fuel rods), resulting in high worker exposures, high levels of radioactive contamination into the streams that drain the site and gush into the Great Lakes, and many fires. Reprocessing wastes were also buried at the site. Plans to resume reprocessing were cancelled when earthquake dangers were identified and improvements were projected to cost too much. Shortly thereafter the US decided to stop all reprocessing of commercial nuclear fuel because of the nuclear weapons proliferation danger. Geologically, the site is in a bedrock valley that is expected to erode into the Great Lakes in centuries to come, but the nuclear waste buried at the site will remain dangerously radioactive much longer than the projected erosion rate. Read the memo summarizing the need for exhumation of the site PDF before the waste moves, in large amounts, into the watershed.

The site is owned by the New York State Energy and Research Development Authority. In 1980, the private company that operated the site left it, leaving a cleanup estimated in the 1996 Draft Environmental Impact Statement by US Department of Energy (DOE) to cost over $8 billion (for complete cleanup). Also in 1980, the West Valley Demonstration Project Act passed Congress, directing DOE to solidify the liquid reprocessing waste and to cleanup a large portion of the site. Much excellent work has been done, but much is left to be done. Long lasting radioactive wastes from the solidification remain at the site.

The ONLY way full cleanup will be achieved is through education and vigilance of the public and a clear demand. This is needed to prevent possible future nuclear activities at the site as well.

Organizations actively involved in the cleanup efforts at West Valley include:
The Coalition on West Valley Nuclear Wastes
Citizens’ Environmental Coalition
Center for Health, Environment and Justice
Nuclear Information and Resource Service

They are working in conjunction with dozens of other local, state, national, tribal and international groups for the full cleanup of the West Valley nuclear and hazardous waste site south of Buffalo, NY and upstream of Lakes Erie and Ontario and of the Niagara River.

There are also many state and federal “regulatory” agencies with authority over aspects of the site. This was summarized in a report by the Government Accounting Office in 2001. PDF

DOE and NYSERDA split the 1996 Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) on cleanup of the West Valley site into two separate Environmental Impact Statements (EISs). The draft of the second EIS is due out for public comment in 2007 and is to be on final site closure. Splitting the EIS has been legally challenged by the Coalition on West Valley Nuclear Wastes, but DOE is proceeding with its segmented EIS process, now proposing yet another split and 30-year delay for important final decisions to be made. In preparation for the upcoming EIS public comment period, the last significant opportunity for public input on the final disposition of the site, NYS, local and national organizations are pursuing an independent Full Cost Accounting Study PDF to evaluate the long-term economic consequences of the various options for final disposition of the site. This precedent-setting, important study PDF is designed to help inform potentially irreversible decisions on final site disposition that will impact the whole bioregion-- local and downstream/downwind communities, the State of NY, Seneca Nation and Canada, Great Lakes and St Lawrence Seaway, etc-- for generations to come.

Like at other sites in the US (Hanford WA, Savannah River SC, INEEL ID) where irradiated nuclear fuel was reprocessed, the Department of Energy would like to declassify the high level radioactive waste that resulted. High level nuclear waste is required by law to be disposed of in a Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)-licensed, deep geological repository that meets Environmental Protection Agency standards. DOE’s goal is to avoid those requirements by pretending the waste is not high level…working to declassify it so it can remain in place, threatening the water supplies downstream at all such locations. There is a national campaign against declassifying high level reprocessing waste to WIR—Waste Incidental to Reprocessing but DOE is intent on proceeding.

Meanwhile, legislation to turn over all authority for decisions at the site to the US DOE is pending in Congress. Many organizations, aware of the DOE track record at other sites, oppose the loss of state authority (and loss of rights to demand better cleanup) that would result from passage of the bill. Since the site was clearly a federal experiment in reprocessing and waste management and disposal, federal funds should be used to clean up and manage the legacy, but state rights to demand full cleanup should not be compromised. Some of our letters and critiques of the legislation are here. PDF

Groups around the county have joined the call for full cleanup of the West Valley, NY nuclear waste site. [ Dig it up Resolution, PDF Great Lakes United Resolution on West Valley; PDF Group Statement - the Real Issue About Nuclear Waste PDF]. You can join the effort as an individual, organization, or other by becoming part of the West Valley Action Network. PDF